NEW DELHI: Rationalising tariffs, phasing out some export promotion schemes and having “useful” free trade agreements with some major countries will help India gain a “respectable share” in world exports, the second volume of the Economic Survey released said.
India's rising trade deficit and protectionist tendencies on the global front are areas to watch for in the short term, it said as India’s share in global exports has stagnated at 1.7 % from 2011 to 2016 with intermittent drops to 1.6%.
Citing rising protectionism, trade restrictive measures and risk of a backlash against movement of persons adding to a situation that is of growing concern, the survey said special efforts are needed to take India’s exports to a respectable share of at least 5% in world exports from 1.7% in 2016, which is very low compared to China’s 13.2%.
Streamlining export promotion schemes as many duties have been subsumed under GST, demand-based export basket diversification rather than a mere supply-based strategy and developing world-class export infrastructure and logistics on a war footing, are some recommendations of Chief Economic Advisor Arvind Subramanian-authored survey.
Referring to the rise of anti-globalisation sentiment in recent years, the survey said such tendencies have surfaced with developments in the US during and after elections and the Brexit referendum.
People are viewing trade, immigration and multilateral engagements with some amount of scepticism and becoming wary of benefits of globalisation, it said.
On trade curbs, the survey said there has been a rise in recent years of such steps including several types of non-tariff barriers.