Over 90% of apparel workers were employed in companies having less than 50 workers in India in 2005
NEW DELHI: Low productivity growth and absence of competitive products are two main factors that have been hindering the export sector of the Country, according to a report by the the NITI Aayog.
The 'Three Year Action Agenda 2017-20' of the NITI Aayog, which was unveiled by the Finance Minister
Arun Jaitley recently said, “On the demand side, Indian firms often complain that there is inadequate demand for their products. Yet, the world market in merchandise exports at $16.6 trillion in 2015 is extremely large."
Citing the reasons for Indian companies not been able to take the benefit of this huge demand, the report said, “The possible explanation is that Indian products are not competitive in the world economy.”
The global economy discipline is what leads to speedy growth in productivity, it added.
“Indian exporters have to compete with the world’s best and must therefore continuously work on upgrading technology, product quality and management to be competitive,” the report said.
The report pointed out that Indian companies are lagging behind with regards to economies of scale. Several Chinese super-competitive companies employ not only tens of thousands of employees but hundreds of thousands. However, there are hardly any companies in India which are employing workers in such numbers.
Putting emphasis on the export sector’s potential in the creation of jobs in the Country, the three-year vision document said, that exporting companies have to maintain high productivity, which in itself translates to higher wages for their workers.
“Recognising this critical role of exports, India needs a focused strategy for creating an environment in which export competitive firms can emerge, especially in labour intensive sectors,” it said.
“Across the Country, States are positioning themselves as to who can better the others in Ease of Doing Business. They are competing to attract investment,” he said.