MUMBAI: The “Conclave on Green Energy & Oil Spill Management” will be inaugurated by Shri Nitin Gadkari, Hon’ble Minister for Road Transport and Highways and Shipping, Government of India today. The conclave is being organized from 9.30 am on May 30, 2017 at Shipping House, Madam Cama Road, Mumbai by Indian Federation of Green Energy and Ministry of Shipping, Govt of India with the support of Indian Ports Association and Mumbai Port Trust.
The conclave will have participation of Policy Makers, Port management organizations, Green Energy Companies, Oil Spill Management experts, Technology institutions etc. The four sessions are focused on topics including Progress of Green Energy Use in Ports, Potential of Green Energy Use in Ports, Oil Spill Experiences and Oil Spill – Prevention & Mitigation.
Indian Ports & Green Energy: India has a coastline of 7,517 km with 12 Major and 187 Non-Major Ports, which are responsible for around 95 per cent of India's trading by volume and 70 per cent by value as it is done through maritime transport. These ports use significant amount of energy in their operations and their upkeep, which contributes to emission of carbon dioxide & results in significantly large carbon footprint. As the economy grows the capacity, numbers and sizes of ports will increase rapidly in the coming decades. Ministry of Shipping has launched a massive investment program to expand, upgrade & modernize the ports to handle growing cargo traffic, which will lead to boosting the Country’s economy.
India has one of the largest installed capacities of renewable energy in the world, which is growing rapidly and stands at 51.4 GW as on Dec, 2016. In the period 2002-15, the grid capacity of green renewable has increased over 9 times from 3.9 GW to around 36 GW. It is proposed significantly to scale up this capacity a target to achieve 175 GW by 2022. In this connection, the solar capacity, which was about 9.4GW in Dec, 2016 is proposed to be increased to 100 GW. It is also proposed to increase the present installed capacity of Wind power from 28.7 GW (Dec, 2016) to 60 GW by 2022. The installed capacity power from bio-energy is proposed to be increased from current achievement of 7.9 GW to10 GW by 2022.
The Indian Ports are also taking up program in the sphere of using green renewable energy. There is a substantial room for use of renewable energy, improve efficiency of ports and reducing carbon footprint. In order to drive renewable energy in the Shipping & Ports sector, the Ministry of Shipping has launched an incentive of up to Rs 25 crore with an objective to turn Major Ports into Green Ports. It is reported that as a result the Major Ports have undertaken development of over 175 MW of non-conventional energy from Solar and Wind power by year 2022, which includes 69 MW of Rooftop Solar projects. In this connection, the Mangalore Port has completed 4 MW Solar project, Vizag Port 10 MW, Jawaharlal Nehru Port 0.82 MW, while Paradip Port is executing a 10 MW Solar project and Kolkata Port 2 MW, apart from other small Solar projects executed by other Ports. A 6.0 MW Wind project has been completed at Kandla Port while a 25 MW project at Tuticorin and another 14 MW Wind project has been taken up for execution by Kandla Port.
Another way to promote Green Energy is to promote Biodiesel a renewable fuel for ports as well as shipping fuel with substantial environmental benefits without major modifications in Engine. In this connection, Haldia Dock Complex became the first Green Port in the Country, when the Honourable Union Minister of Road transport, Highways and Shipping inaugurated it in June 2015. This port uses bio-diesel to operate the railway engines, trucks & other vehicles. The Government has also decided to use 20% blend of biodiesel with diesel at 12 Major Ports.
The funds required for the development of the solar plants will be arranged by the Ports from their own resources, with no contribution from the Government.
This announcement is in line with the Indian Government’s Green Port initiative launched earlier this year, which aims for ‘cleaner and greener’ Ports through the use of renewable energy technology.
The initiative would also offset the cost of purchasing power from the grid, and would help to meet the Renewable Energy Purchase Obligation (RPO), set by the Government, mandating a certain percentage of renewable into the total energy mix. Already 22 MW of Renewable energy projects stand completed and it is expected that by end of 2017, the Major Ports would have completed installation of about 100 MW of Solar and Wind power projects.
Oil Spill Management
In January 2017 two cargo ships collided near Chennai thus causing a major Oil Spill and an environmental pollution. The Biodiversity including marine life was heavily destroyed.
In order to take steps in handling such a disaster in future, Government has approved a new central sector scheme for providing assistance to Major Ports and oil handling Non-Major Ports under State Maritime Boards/ State Govts for mitigating measures as well as combating oil pollution. The Scheme would be administered by Ministry of Shipping. Financial assistance under the Scheme would be given in the form of grant-in-aid to help these ports procure pollution response (PR) equipments/materials necessary for combating Tier-I oil spills in their port waters.